Early years[ edit ] Educational psychology is a fairly new and growing field of study. Though it can date back as early as the days of Plato and Aristotle, it was not identified as a specific practice. It was unknown that everyday teaching and learning in which individuals had to think about individual differences, assessment, development, the nature of a subject being taught, problem solving, and transfer of learning was the beginning to the field of educational psychology.
These topics are important to education and as a result it is important to understanding human cognition, learning, and social perception. Plato and Aristotle researched individual differences in the field of educationtraining of the body and the cultivation of psycho-motor skills, the formation of good character, the possibilities and limits of moral education.
Some other educational topics they spoke about were the effects of music, poetry, and the other arts on the development of individual, role of teacher, and the relations between teacher and student. Such a statement has evolved into a continuing argument of nature vs.
Aristotle observed the phenomenon of "association.
His studies examined recall and Educational psychology learning processes. Locke was called "Father of English Psychology". In this essay, he introduced the term "tabula rasa" meaning "blank slate. Locke believed the mind was formed by experiences, not innate ideas. Locke introduced this idea as "empiricism," or the understanding that knowledge is Educational psychology built on knowledge and experience.
In the late s, John Locke advanced the hypothesis that people learn primarily from external forces. He believed that the mind was like a blank tablet tabula rasaand that successions of simple impressions give rise to complex ideas through association and reflection.
Locke is credited with establishing " empiricism " as a criterion for testing the validity of knowledge, thus providing a conceptual framework for later development of experimental methodology in the natural and social sciences.
Juan Vives[ edit ] Juan Vives — proposed induction as the method of study and believed in the direct observation and investigation of the study of nature. His studies focus of humanistic learningwhich opposed scholasticism and was influenced by a variety of sources including philosophypsychologypoliticsreligionand history.
In this publication, Vives explores moral philosophy as a setting for his educational ideals; with this, he explains that the different parts of the soul similar to that of Aristotle's ideas are each responsible for different operations, which function distinctively. The first book covers the different "souls": The second book involves functions of the rational soul: Lastly, the third book explains the analysis of emotions.
Eventually, this experience with early education would lead to a "wholesome person characterized by morality. In his later years, he published teaching manuals and methods of teaching. Horlacher describes the most prominent example of this during The Enlightenment to be "improving agricultural production methods.
The 5 steps that teachers should use are: Review material that has already been learned by the student  Prepare the student for new material by giving them an overview of what they are learning next  Present the new material.
Stanley Hall, and John Dewey. These three men distinguished themselves in general psychology and educational psychology, which overlapped significantly at the end of the 19th century. From to 37 million people immigrated to the United States. The increase in immigration also provided educational psychologists the opportunity to use intelligence testing to screen immigrants at Ellis Island.
The pioneering American psychologist William James commented that: Psychology is a science, and teaching is an art; and sciences never generate arts directly out of themselves.
An intermediate inventive mind must make that application, by using its originality". In his famous series of lectures Talks to Teachers on Psychology, published inJames defines education as "the organization of acquired habits of conduct and tendencies to behavior".
Teachers should also realize the importance of habit and instinct. They should present information that is clear and interesting and relate this new information and material to things the student already knows about. Alfred Binet[ edit ] Alfred Binet published Mental Fatigue inin which he attempted to apply the experimental method to educational psychology.
In he was appointed the Minister of Public Education. In Lewis Terman revised the Binet-Simon so that the average score was always Terman, unlike Binet, was interested in using intelligence test to identify gifted children who had high intelligence.
He based teaching practices on empirical evidence and measurement.
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The law of effect states that associations are strengthened when it is followed by something pleasing and associations are weakened when followed by something not pleasing.Preparing a diverse population of students as professional counselors, psychologists, special education specialists, and researchers for effective and innovative work.
Educational psychology involves the study of how people learn, including topics such as student outcomes, the instructional process, individual differences . Educational psychology is devoted to the study of how people learn including differences in learning, gifted learners, and learning disabilities.
At the University of Minnesota, we're preparing the next generation of educational psychologists, researchers and scientist-practitioners, with degrees in psychological foundations of education, quantitative methods in education, counseling psychology, school psychology, and special education.
Today’s educational system is highly complex. There is no single learning approach that works for everyone. That’s why psychologists working in the field of education are focused on identifying and studying learning methods to better understand how people absorb and retain new information.
Understand How Students Learn Regent’s Doctor of Education – Educational Psychology allows for a broad area of academic inquiry with topics like psychological underpinnings of learning, cognitive strategies for learning in children and adults, creating environments conducive to learning, brain research, teacher education, faculty roles; .