See Article History Alternative Title: Pheidias Phidias, also spelled Pheidias, flourished c. It is said of Phidias that he alone had seen the exact image of the gods and that he revealed it to man.
Pantheon Rome Only in a city such as Rome could the Pantheon be considered quaint. Found in a city containing hundreds of opportunities to view overwhelming ruins, the Roman Pantheon slips dreamily into the landscape. Of all the great buildings constructed during the crest of the Roman Empire, only this one still stands.
Seemingly impervious to time or destruction, the walls and dome of the Roman Pantheon rise from Piazza della Rotonda, and bath the square in a warm, protecting light.
Pantheon Dome The history of Pantheon dates back to 27 B. Over years later, emperor Hadrian oversaw its completion, and is credited with turning it into one of the most recognizable architectural works in the world.
The cavernous space rises feet into the air while its base measures the same - a perfect sphere astride a corresponding cylinder with an immense bronze ceiling. A hole at the dome's apex allows daylight into the majestic main room, a shifting spotlight that slowly fades into twilight and allows no defense against the rain or the occasional Roman snowfall.
Pantheon history states that the interior of the roof is intended to symbolize the heavens, and the giant hole above is supposedly the eyes of the gods.
A precarious moment in the history of Pantheon was the fall of the Roman Empire. But unlike many institutions at the time, the Roman Pantheon managed to escape destruction as Barbarians flooded the city.
Historians disagree as to why the conquerors elected to preserve this building while destroying so many others, and thus their motives may forever remain a mystery.
Regardless, it was the pivotal moment in Pantheon history. Rome Map Beneath the light and between the granite Corinthian columns, seven sculptures stand.
These Roman gods correspond to each of the seven planets at the time and remain in their original spots, despite the church being consecrated as a Christian church by Pope Boniface IV in But the Roman Pantheon seems to exist independent of religious rule - more a tribute to the past than any specific spiritual figures.
The history of Pantheon was forever changed during the reign of Pope Urban VIII, who melted down every scrap of bronze located upon the ceiling, outraging a great deal of Roman citizens. The great bronze doors escaped destruction, however, and remain today, a glowing testament to Pantheon history.
Pantheon Interior As the best preserved example of monumental Roman architecture, the Pantheon was enormously influential on European and American architects from the Renaissance to the 19th century.
Michelangelo studied the dome before creating the cupola of St. The concrete used to create the famous dome is one of the great examples of the progressiveness of Roman culture in the first millennium. In fact, the exact composition of the material is still not known, but appears to be structurally similar to modern day concrete.
Well ahead of its time in almost every aspect, the Pantheon is a definite must-see in a city full of them.The Pantheon in Rome, Italy should not be confused with the Parthenon in Athens, Greece. Although both were originally temples to gods, the Greek Parthenon temple, atop the Acropolis, was built hundreds of years before the Roman Pantheon temple.
In classical Greek art, a wide-mouthed vessel with handles, used for mixing wine and water for ceremonial drinking. Romanesque A style of European architecture prevalent from the ninth to the twelfth centuries with round arches and barrel vaults influenced by Roman architecture and characterized by heavy stone construction.
Several of these sculptures have been attributed to Phidias, but none with certainty. Phidias may be called the initiator of the idealistic, Classical style that distinguishes Greek art in the later 5th and the 4th centuries.
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The facade of the Pantheon looks like an oversized Greek temple. what contributes to this. May 30, · Classical Greek pottery was perhaps the most utilitarian of the era’s art forms.
People offered small terra cotta figurines as gifts to gods and goddesses, buried them with the dead and gave. Art became more varied in subject matter and style and was often highly dramatic, exaggerated, tragic, passionate, and intense.
The empirical search for beauty, which characterized the classical period, was replaced by a new sense of realism including the ugly side of life, an interest in the world of dreams or the subconscious, graphic.